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Dussehra Festival | History, Significance And Legend Of Dussehra

Dussehra Festival is an important and long celebration of India. It is celebrated all over the country by people of the Hindu religion with full enthusiasm, love, faith and respect. It is a really good time for everyone to have fun.

Dussehra Festival

Dussehra Festival | History, Significance And Legend Of Dussehra

Schools and colleges also get a few days off at the celebration of Dussehra. This festival falls every year in the months of September and October, 20 days before Diwali. People eagerly wait for this festival.

History Of Dussehra Festival

According to the customs and traditions of the people in many areas of the country, there are many stories about this festival. The festival began by the Hindu people on the day when Lord Rama killed the demon king Ravana on the day of Dussehra (in the Hindu month of Ashwajuja). Lord Rama killed Ravana because he had killed Mother Sita and was not ready to return. After this, Lord Rama along with Hanuman’s monkey army and Lakshmana defeated Ravana.

According to the Hindu scripture Ramayana, it is said that King Rama had a Chandi Home to please Goddess Durga and get her blessings. Accordingly, knowing the secret of killing Ravana on the tenth day of the war, he had conquered it. Rama finally finds Sita back after killing Ravana.

Legend Of Dussehra Festival

Dussehra is celebrated as the victory of the goddess Durga over a cruel and mighty satan named Mahishasura who had become so powerful that he had captured both heaven and earth. It is believed that after a long battle of nine days, the powerful goddess subdued her and killed her; Therefore, this day is celebrated as Vijayadashami.

In Maharashtra, the Dussehra festival is related to various interesting legends besides Lord Rama. It is additionally accepted that it was on this day that the Pandavas of the Mahabharata, subsequent to finishing 12 years of the outcast, recovered their weapons from under a Shami tree, where they had put away them for protection.

As per another legend, the celebration is connected to a youthful Brahmin kid Kautsa. Kautsa, the youthful child of a Brahmin named Devdatt, was living in the city of Paithan. In the wake of concentrating under the tutelage of Rishi(sage) Varatantu, Kautsa demanded that his master acknowledge his guru Dakshina(the deliberate charge of blessing offered in days of yore by a Hindu devotee to his master toward the finish of his preparation).

Initially, Varatantu refused but to test his disciple he later asked for 140 million gold coins, one hundred million for each of the subjects he taught. The obedient student went to the ruler of the land, King Raghu, to ask for the money. King Raghu was famous for his generosity, but when he heard the demand of his subject he fell into deep thinking because just a while ago he had emptied every one of his coffers on the Brahmins, subsequent to playing out the Vishvajit penance.

He asked Kautsa to allow him three days’ time. He quickly left to get the gold coins from Lord Indra. Lord Indra called Kuber, the divine force of riches, and advised him to make a shower of gold coins on the “Shanu” and “Aapati” trees round King Raghu’s city of Ayodhya. This is the thing that Kuber did and in the wake of introducing the guaranteed sum to his mentor, Kautsa disseminated the remainder of the coins among the needy individuals upon the arrival of Dussehra.

In Ayodhya, this extraordinary occasion is as yet seen with the individuals plundering the leaves of the aapati trees and introducing them to one another as “sone” (gold).

Significance Of Dussehra Festival

India is a country known for its tradition and culture, fairs and celebrations. Here, every festival is celebrated with full fervor and joy. Besides giving importance to the Hindu festival, to celebrate this festival with full pleasure, the Government of India announces a gazetted holiday on this festival of Dussehra.

Dussehra means ‘victory of King Rama of good over Ravana, king of evil’. The real meaning of Dussehra is the end of the ten-headed Asura on the tenth day of this festival. The tenth day of this festival is celebrated with the burning of Ravana by all the people all over the country.

How to Celebrate Dussehra Festival

North India

In northern India, Dussehra signifies the victory of good over evil. The depiction of Lord Rama’s life in Ram Leela begins ten days before the Dussehra festival. These are performed by many amateur and professional theatre groups in cities, villages, and suburbs of northern India. On the day of Dussehra, huge effigies of Ravana, Meghnath, and Kumbhakarna are lit in the Ram Leela Maidan amidst the carnival-like atmosphere.

South India

In the southern state of Tamil Nadu, Dussehra celebrations begin nine days before Dussehra. In this region, these nine holy days are dedicated to the worship of the three main deities of Hinduism. Goddess Lakshmi is worshipped in the first three days, as she is said to be the best of wealth and prosperity, while Saraswati is prayed for the next three days, which is called the dualism of knowledge and art.

The last three days are dedicated to the reverence of Mother Goddess, known as Shakti, Durga. In the states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, miniature statues and beautiful tableaux of dolls are set up in artificial stages in homes, traditionally known as ‘Bommai Kolu’.

Eastern India

On this day, huge idols of Goddess Durga are immersed in rivers and seas with great reverence and are seen with pomp. Dussehra is known as Vijaya Dashami in the state of Orissa. This day is celebrated as the culmination of Sharadiya Durga Puja.

Western India

On the day of Dussehra, the flour tree is worshipped and its leaves are gifted to the near and dear ones, with sweets being considered a good omen. The nine days before Dussehra are celebrated here as Navratri. The idols of the Goddess installed on the first day of Navratri are immersed in water on Dussehra.

Thus, the festival of Dussehra has multifaceted importance in various regions of India’s multicultural land.

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Pramod Tapase

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