Essay On Pollution For Students And Children | Short And Long Essay

Essay On Pollution For Students And Children. Day by day pollution is increasing rapidly and the increasing pollution is harming our daily life. We should stand together and start creating awareness among people to save our mother nature from getting polluted. In this article, we’ve written essay on pollution to help in your studies and understanding it in a better way

Essay On Pollution

Essay On Pollution For Students And Children | Short And Long Essay

Essay On Pollution (100 Words)

Pollution is the contamination of the environment that disturbs the air, water, and soil. There are different types of pollution- Air Pollution, Water Pollution, Soil Pollution and Noise Pollution. In the last few years, pollution has increased leading to health hazards.

The smoke released from the chimneys of factories and those from vehicles causes air pollution. It causes respiratory diseases and skin problems. The chemical industries discharge the effluents directly into the water bodies, hence causing water pollution. It disturbs aquatic life. Noise Pollution is caused by blowing horns of vehicles, construction activities, machines and celebrations. It can cause hearing damage.

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Essay On Pollution (200 Words)

The addition of harmful substances to the environment is called pollution. Pollution has many harmful effects on plants, animals and human beings. There are different kinds of pollution- Air Pollution, Water Pollution and Noise Pollution.

Air Pollution is caused due to vehicular emissions, fossil burning, construction activities, etc. It can cause respiratory problems like asthma. Planting trees in large numbers is the best solution to control Air pollution.

The main reason for Water pollution is disposing of the industrial liquid waste directly into the water without treating it properly and making it less harmful. Also washing clothes, bathing and washing your pets in water can also make them polluted. Water pollution leads to the death of creatures living in watery fish. Measures should be taken to control water pollution by treating harmful water before leaving it in the water.

Noise Pollution is caused due to transport, electric home appliances, loudspeakers, construction activities, etc. It can cause damage to hearing power. Constant exposure to noise pollution results in headaches and sleep disturbances. To reduce noise pollution, unnecessary horn-blowing should be restricted in vehicle-congested areas.

It’s high time that we come together to reduce pollution and save our Mother Earth.

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Essay On Pollution (300 Words)

Pollution is a major concern these days. Pollution is the effect of undesirable changes in our surroundings that has harmful effects on all kinds of living organisms. There are various types of pollution like air pollution, water pollution and noise pollution.

Air pollution is an atmospheric condition in which certain substances are present in concentrations which can cause harmful effects on man and the environment. Examples include oxides of Sulphur and Nitrogen, smoke and dust. The source of air pollution can be natural such as volcanic eruptions and forest fires or man-made such as vehicular emissions and chemical industries.

Air pollution affects plants, human health, aquatic life and minerals. Respiratory and skin problems are caused due to air pollution. It also destroys chlorophyll and affects photosynthesis in plants. The presence of Sulphur dioxide and moisture can accelerate the corrosion of metallic surfaces. To control air pollution, afforestation is the best method. Industries should be set up after proper Environmental Impact Assessment Studies.

Water pollution means changes in physical, chemical or biological characteristics of water making it unfit for usage. The sources of water contamination include industries, power plants, offshore oil wells, sewage, detergents, etc. Water pollution has an adverse impact on aquatic life.

It promotes algae growth, which in turn reduces oxygen levels in the water, thus causing eutrophication. To combat water pollution, the sewage must be treated before releasing it into water bodies. Separate drainage of sewage and rainwater should be provided to prevent the overflow of sewage with rainwater.

Propagation of noise with a harmful impact on human/ animal life is called noise pollution. Transport, machines, construction activities, celebrations and electric home appliances cause noise pollution. Noise pollution can cause permanent damage to the ear membrane, thus resulting in hearing damage or loss. It also causes headaches, high blood pressure and emotional changes.

Essay On Pollution (400 Words)


The term ‘pollution’ means contamination of natural resources such as air, water and soil by various pollutants. All this is caused mainly due to human activities in the name of development. Pollution is damaging our Earth adversely and there is an urgent need to tackle this issue.

Types of Pollution

The different types of pollution include air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, marine pollution and noise pollution.

Causes of Pollution

Air pollution is caused due to natural and man-made activities. Natural sources of air pollution include volcanic eruptions, forest fires, pollen grains and radioactive minerals. Man-made sources include smoke from vehicles, fertilizer plants, construction activities, fossil fuel burning, thermal power plants, etc.

Water pollution is caused due to industries, power plants, underground coal mines, offshore oil wells, sewage, synthetic detergents and man-made activities like washing clothes near water bodies.

Soil pollution is caused due to domestic and industrial wastes, mining, acid rain, fertilizers, landfills and petrochemicals.

The sources of marine pollution are acid rain, thermal pollution, nuclear waste, plastics and toxic chemicals from industries.

The unwanted noise from vehicles, machines, construction activities, loudspeakers, etc. causes noise pollution.

Effects of Pollution

Long-term health effects from air pollution include heart disease, lung cancer and respiratory diseases such as asthma and bronchitis. It can also damage the nervous system, brain, kidneys, liver and other organs.

Water pollution causes water-borne diseases such as typhoid, cholera and hepatitis. Water pollution can destroy habitats of water-dwelling organisms.

Soil pollution may contaminate groundwater resources. The soil pollutants can reach water bodies and cause eutrophication. Soil pollution can also affect the ecosystem and food chain.

Marine pollution affects sensitive flora and fauna. Once the smallest organisms consume pollutants, their predators also consume them. Plastics and other chemicals make their way up to the food chain, accumulating in seafood that people catch and eat.

Noise pollution affects hearing capabilities. Constant exposure to noise pollution causes sleep disturbances, high-stress levels and low concentration levels.

Control Measures of Pollution

  • Air pollution can be controlled by afforestation, using public transport and carpooling.
  • Water pollution can be controlled by treating sewage before discharging them into water bodies.
  • Soil pollution can be controlled by proper disposal of solid wastes and microbial degradation of biodegradable substances.
  • To reduce marine pollution, developmental activities on coastal areas should be minimized.
  • Noise pollution can be curbed by restricting unnecessary horn-blowing and the use of sound-absorbing silencers.
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