Raksha Bandhan is a Hindu and Jain festival celebrated annually on the full moon day of the month of Shravan. It is also known as Shravani due to its celebration in Shravan (Sawan). Rakhi or Rakshasutra has the most importance in Rakshabandhan. Rakhi can range from inexpensive items like raw yarn to colorful arts, silk yarn, and expensive items like gold or silver.
Raksha Bandhan | How To Celebrate Raksha Bandhan
“Raksha” means “Protection”
“Bandhan” means “Bond/ Tying of a Relationship”
When God created the world and the universe, he thought of a relationship that is filled with fights, teasing each other, brotherhood, looking after each other, care and obviously, ever-lasting love.
Therefore, it is safe to say that the brother-sister bond and relation is the most unique and bittersweet relationship in the world. They tease and fight with each other on trivial things, but also ensure that no harm comes to each other and can fight the world if there is a problem for the other sibling.
Siblings or the person with whom we share a relationship of brotherhood, have a very special place in our heart. They tend to protect us, guide us and show us the correct path. Sometimes, they even understand us; more than we understand ourselves. Thus, Raksha Bandhan is a way to celebrate this bond, this feeling of brotherhood and togetherness for the whole life.
Interestingly, Raksha Bandhan is not celebrated on the same day every calendar year. Raksha Bandhan follows the Traditional Hindu Calendar and falls on the last day of the sacred month of Saawan.
History Of Raksha Bandhan
As indicated by the Mahabharata, Yudhishthira, the oldest of the Pancha Pandava (the five siblings having a place with the group of ruler Pandu), asked Sri Krishna, a manifestation of master Vishnu, how best he could watch himself against looming indecencies and disasters in the coming year. Krishna exhorted him to watch the Rakshaa Ceremony. He likewise portrayed an old episode to show how intense the Rakshaa is. It went this way.
Once, Indra, the lord of paradise was defied by the devil ruler – the Daitya-Raja – in a long drawn fight. At one phase, the Daitya-Raja showed signs of improvement of Indra and drove him into the wild. Indra, lowered and dejected, looked for the exhortation of Brihaspati, the Guru of Gods. The Guru advised him to wait for his chance, plan himself and afterward take on the forceful evil presence.
He additionally showed that the promising second for sallying forward was the Shraavana Poornima. On that day, Shachee Devi, the spouse of Indra, joined by Brihaspati tied Raakhi around Indra’s correct wrist. Indra at that point progressed against the Daitya-raja, vanquished him and restored his sway.
This is the manner by which Raksha Bandhan appeared in the periods of old Hindu folklore and has risen above into the advanced ages obtaining a greater amount of new and altered traditions with itself.
Also, during the time of Bengal’s Partition in 1905, it was re-established by Rabindranath Tagore to instigate the feeling of love and brotherhood among Hindus and Muslims.
Legend Of Raksha Bandhan
The story of Lord Krishna and Draupadi
Lord Krishna killed the devil King Shishupal for the protection of the Dharma on earth. He was hurt in the war and his finger was wounded. Draupadi had torn a strip of her saree and tied around his bleeding finger to heal the wound. Lord Krishna has valued her concern and affection.
He felt bound by her sisterly love & compassion. He pledged to repay the debt of gratitude in her future. After many years, Pandavas lost their wife Draupadi in the game of dice to crooked Kauravas. Lord Krishna protected the dignity of Draupadi through his divine powers when had attempted to remove her Saree.
King Bali and Goddess Lakshmi
Mahabali, the evil spirit ruler was a firm fan of Lord Vishnu. Because of his tremendous dedication, Lord Vishnu assumed the liability to ensure Bali’s Kingdom leaving his residence in Vikundam. The wife of Lord Vishnu i.e. Goddess Lakshmi became very sad. She wanted to stay with her husband Lord Vishnu. So she went to King Bali in the mask as a Brahmin lady and took shelter in his palace.
She tied Rakhi on King Bali’s wrist on the full moon day called Shravana Purnima. Later Goddess Lakshmi revealed who she was actually and why she had come. The king was moved by her and Lord Vishnu’s goodwill and affection for him & his family. Bali asked Lord Vishnu to go with his wife to Vaikuntam. It is believed that since that day onwards it has become a custom to invite one’s sister on Shravana Purnima to tie the auspicious thread of Rakhi or Raksha Bandhan.
Emperor Humayun and Rani Karnawati
In the medieval period, Rajputs were battling and shielding their Kingdom from Muslim attacks. Since those times, Raksha Bandhan means the commitment and protection of one’s sister were the foremost. Rani Karnawati was the queen of the Chittor, after the death of her king husband.
She realized that she could not be able to protect her Kingdom from the invasion of the Sultan of Gujarat, Bahadur Shah. She sent a Rakhi thread to Mughal Emperor Humayun. The Emperor was overwhelmed by the gesture and started off towards Chittor with his troops without wasting time.
King Puru and Alexander the Great
Perhaps the most established reference to the History of Rakhi celebration returns to 300 B.C. during when India was attacked by Alexander. It is accepted that the extraordinary vanquisher, King Alexander of Macedonia was faltered by encountering the wrath and fury of the Indian King Puru in his first attempt of resistance and defense.
On seeing her’s husband plight, Alexander’s wife, who had been aware of Rakhi festival, approached King Puru. King Puru refrained from the war against Alexander as he accepted his wife as Rakhi’s sister.
On a propitious day, Lord Ganesha’s sister Manasa visits him to tie him a rakhi. On observing this present, Ganesha’s children start demanding to have a sister. Surrendering to their requests, Ganesha makes goddess Santoshi from the celestial blazes that are said to have risen up out of his consorts Riddhi and Siddhi.
Significance Of Raksha Bandhan
The idea of Raksha Bandhan is basically that of protection. Ordinarily, we discover individuals setting off to the priests in temples and getting a sacred string tied to their hands. We discover this in the temple of Kala Bhairava at Varanasi where individuals get a black string attached to their wrist. So also at Sri Vaishnodevi Temple in Jammu, we discover individuals bind red band to their forehead after worshipping the Goddess.
In Hindu functions, we observe that the priest binds a string or a thread to the wrist of individual/splaying out the custom before its beginning. It is accepted and said that even Yagnopaveetam (sacrosanct string over the chest) goes about as a Raksha (insurance) to the wearer in the event that one keeps up its holiness.
In the idea of Marriage, Mangala Sutra (tied around the neck of the bride) and Kankana Bandhana (a string attached to the wrist of the groom and bride by one another) additionally has a comparative inward hugeness.
The tying of a Rakhi isn’t limited to a brother and sister. It could likewise be tied by a spouse to her significant other, or by a pupil to the Guru. This bond doesn’t need to be between blood family members – a young lady may embrace a kid as her sibling through the tying of a Rakhi.
This custom reinforces the power of profound devotion, yet additionally rises above the limits of the family. At the point when a Rakhi is tied on the wrists of friends and neighbors, it underscores the requirement for an amicable public activity. This assists with expanding ones’ vision past one’s own family to the whole earth (Vasudha) as one family – Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam.
How to Celebrate Raksha Bandhan
Brothers and Sisters wait and long for this auspicious festival, the whole year. Therefore, the preparations start a week early. Sisters jam the marketplace to shop Rakhi for their brothers. On the other hand, brothers shop for gifts, dresses, sweets and chocolates for their sisters.
It is a no-age festival and is celebrated among brothers and sisters of all the age groups with a lot of enthusiasm and zeal.
On this day, Sisters tie Rakhi on the wrists of their brothers and wish for their excellent health and well-being. Traditionally, sisters used to pray for the good health of their brothers in the war. In return, the sisters are blessed and showered with gifts and love. Their brothers pledge to protect them against any evil, forever.
Also, everyone is dressed in new ethnic wears and relatives tend to visit each other’s place. The siblings sit in one place and perform the puja (ritual) with sweets, Diya and Haldi in a Thali.
Nowadays, this festival is also celebrated between sisters who do not have a brother and between sisters-in-law. Women also tie Rakhi to the men with whom they share a relationship of brotherhood.